Must Read

What is Forensic Science?

The term forensics includes forensic (or forensis, in Latin), which means a public discussion or debate. In a more modern context, however, forensics applies to courts or...

What is Social Science?

What is social science? Social science, in its broadest sense, is the study of society and how people behave and affect the world around us.

Dress For The Day

Trending Now

Latest From Blog

What Can You Do With A Political Science Degree?

If you are fascinated by current events, want to shape public policy, and feel called to serve, political science is worth considering. But even if you don’t want to work in politics, political science can be a solid foundation for many careers.

Political Science majors study how laws are made and the comparative structures of governments around the world. You’ll learn how public policy is formulated and the impact politics has on the social and economic status of the population.

Career choices for political science majors
In addition to jobs in politics, there are many other career options to consider. Political science majors develop strong writing and research skills. They discover how to make a persuasive argument and back it up with facts. Political science students improve their presentation and verbal communication skills as they share their work with faculty and peers.

Political science majors hone their analytical skills as they examine policy initiatives and consider the impact of government actions. Critical thinking is critical to evaluating political party platforms and the impact of leadership changes.

During their studies, political scientists learn how power is acquired, how campaigns are run, and how public opinion can be influenced. They examine different models of leadership and gain a historical perspective regarding the relative effectiveness of different approaches.

If you choose political science as your major, there are a variety of options available to you after graduation.

10 Job Options for Political Science Majors

  1. policy analyst
    Because political science majors study the process of generating public policy, the role of policy analyst is a natural application of their work as an undergraduate.

Policy analysts rely on strong critical thinking, writing, and research skills when formulating statements about the nature and impact of public policy proposals.

Like political science majors, policy analysts must develop a sound thesis and form a convincing argument for or against the adoption of a particular policy initiative. In addition, analysts use their understanding of the political and legislative process to gain the support of individuals who can advance initiatives.

Salary: According to PayScale, the average salary for a policy analyst is $59,135. In terms of salary range, the top 10% earn $82,000 or higher and the bottom 10% earn $42,000 or less.1

2 Legislative Assistants.
Senators, Assembly members, Representatives, and other elected officials at all levels of government hire assistants to help them perform their duties.

Legislative Assistants use the writing and verbal skills developed by the political science major to coordinate communications with constituents and inform them of developments in their district.

They assess constituent interest in current political issues and present the views of their elected officials in a positive setting. Legislative Assistants respond to constituent inquiries and help resolve constituent issues within their jurisdiction.

Legislative Assistants research policy issues, track legislation, and investigate other legislators’ positions on pending legislation. They prepare briefings for their legislator and other office staff.

Salary: According to PayScale, Legislative Assistants earn an average of $40,299, with the top 10% earning $67,000 or more and the bottom 10% earning $31,000 or less.2

  1. public relations specialist
    Public relations representatives influence public opinion about their clients largely based on story placement with the media. Political science majors develop the writing skills needed to craft persuasive press releases and the persuasive skills to take advantage of a particular story. They also learn how opinions are formed and the role of the media as they research current events during their studies.

Public relations specialists often organize and publicize press conferences and other events to attract media attention and inform their clients. Political science majors gain insight into this process as they study the mechanics of organizing campaign events and public appearances by government officials.

Salary and Job Prospects: According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), public relations specialists earned a median annual salary of $61,150 in May 2019, with the top 10% earning $115,430 or more and the bottom 10% earning $34,590 or less. The BLS expects jobs in this field to grow 7% between 2019 and 2029-faster than average.3

  1. social media managers
    Public opinion is increasingly shaped by social media. Political candidates, officials, parties, and advocacy groups need social media managers to monitor constituents’ views of their administration and current issues.

Social media managers need to understand various social media platforms and orchestrate campaigns to shape the perceptions of their users. Political science majors understand how opinions are formed and influenced by various media outlets and can be instrumental in formulating and implementing these plans.

According to PayScale, social media managers earn an average of $50,815, with the top 10% earning $78,000 or more and the bottom 10% earning $35,000 or less.4

  1. marketing research analyst
    Marketing research analysts analyze how consumers will react to products or services, similar to how political science majors evaluate potential voters’ reactions to candidates. Political science majors study the role of polling research and opinion surveys in election campaigns. The work of market researchers often involves studying consumer reactions to potential or current products and services.

Market research analysts can use the knowledge of research standards that the political scientist has in designing scientifically viable studies. They must present their findings to clients and employees and back up their recommendations with data.

Salary and Job Prospects: According to the BLS, market research analysts earned a median annual wage of $63,790 in May 2019, with the top 10% earning $122,630 or more and the bottom 10% earning $34,350 or less. BLS expects jobs in this sector to grow 18% between 2019 and 2029-much faster than average.5

  1. political consultant
    Political consultants use knowledge of the political process gained from political science majors to develop strategies for candidates to influence voters and build support in their campaigns for office. Political consultants help brand candidates and repair damaged images.

They seek to influence media coverage of candidates by offering favorable stories and positive views of the candidate’s past performance. These workers may survey potential voters to discern their reaction to a candidate and the basis of their opinion.

Political consultants can also work for public interest groups to help them formulate strategies to promote their causes.

Salary: Glassdoor estimates that political consultants earn an average of $77,368, 6.

  1. attorney
    Lawyers who work for political figures, interest groups, and lobbying firms use legal research skills developed by political science majors to conduct research on legislative and policy issues. They help draft and edit language for bills and evaluate precedent for pending legislation.

Lawyers formulate and deliver arguments on behalf of their clients and seek to influence decision makers on the merits of their stances. They also rely on political skill in other areas of the law. Lawyers select sympathetic jurors and frame their cases in favorable ways when there are controversial political issues surrounding trials.

Many lawyers work for government agencies where the political scientist’s knowledge of political structures is an asset.

Salary and Job Prospects: The BLS estimates that attorneys earned a median annual salary of $122,960 in May 2019, with the top 10% earning $208,000 or more and the bottom 10% earning $59,670 or less. The BLS expects jobs in this field to grow 4% between 2019 and 2029-about as fast as the average.7

  1. intelligence analyst
    Intelligence analysts work for clandestine agencies of the government such as the CIA and National Security Agency. They use the political scientist’s understanding of political groups to assess developments in volatile areas of the world. These analysts study specific groups that pose a threat to security and analyze leadership patterns and popular support.

Intelligence analysts write reports with their findings and present briefings to agency executives and executive and legislative branch leaders and staff. In addition, foreign language skills of potential terrorists help analysts investigate potential threats.

Salary: PayScale estimates that intelligence analysts earn an average of $69,737, with the top 10% earning $103,000 or more and the bottom 10% earning $44,000 or less.8

  1. political campaign staff
    Political campaign staff help formulate and execute campaign strategies. They work to build a brand or favorable public image for the candidate.

Staff members use the political science major’s ability to research current political issues and assess voter reactions to a candidate’s platform.

They write press releases and help draft language for speeches. Political campaign staff help manage the candidate’s social media imprint and organize events to gain candidate attention. They recruit, train and supervise volunteers and raise money to fund the campaign.

Salary: ZipRecruiter estimates that campaign staffers earn an average annual salary of $35,994, with the top 25% earning $39,000 or more and the bottom 25% earning $26,000 or less.9

What is Forensic Science?

The term forensics includes forensic (or forensis, in Latin), which means a public discussion or debate. In a more modern context, however, forensics applies to courts or the justice system. Combine that with science, and forensics means using scientific methods and processes to solve crimes.

Forensic science began to be used in the late 18th century, when medical professionals began to use writings that revealed the first evidence of modern pathology, to the formation of the first school of forensics in 1909; The development of forensics has been used to uncover mysteries, solve crimes, and convict or exonerate suspects of crime for hundreds of years.

The extraordinary scientific innovations and advances in forensics have made it a sophisticated science involving a number of disciplines and thousands of forensic scientists specializing in DNA and botany, dentistry and toolmakers.

The application of forensics
The field of forensics draws on a number of scientific branches, including physics, chemistry, and biology, with an emphasis on the detection, identification, and evaluation of physical evidence. It has become an essential part of the justice system, using a wide range of sciences to obtain information relevant to criminal and legal evidence.

Forensics can prove the existence of a crime, the perpetrator of a crime, or a link to a crime through the:

Examining physical evidence
Administration of tests
Interpretation of data
Clear and concise reporting
Truthful testimony of a forensic scientist

Forensic science has become an integral part of many criminal cases and convictions, with objective facts through scientific evidence serving both defense and prosecution arguments. The testimony of forensic scientists has become a trusted component of many civil and criminal cases, as these professionals are not concerned with the outcome of the case.only with their objective testimony based solely on scientific facts.

Forensic scientists perform both physical and chemical analysis on physical evidence obtained from crime scene investigators and law enforcement officers at the scene. These scientific experts use microscopic examination techniques, complex instrumentation, mathematical principles, scientific principles, and reference literature to analyze evidence to identify both class and individual characteristics.

Although the majority of forensic scientists perform their work within the confines of the forensic laboratory or morgue, their work may take them outside the laboratory and to the crime scene, where they observe the scene and collect evidence. Forensic scientists may work for local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies and departments, private laboratories, and hospitals. They may also serve as independent forensic science consultants.

The Organization of Forensic Science
Because of the highly complex field of forensics, forensic scientists are most often trained in a specific area of forensics, such as latent prints, interrogated documents, trace evidence, or firearms, to name a few.

Forensic pathologists can be divided into three broad groups:

Forensic pathologists: These include medical examiners and other professionals who oversee autopsies and clinical forensic examinations
Forensic scientists: these include forensic scientists who work in law enforcement, government, or private forensic laboratories and are responsible for processing a range of specific tests and analyses such as toxicology, ballistics, trace evidence, etc.
Associate Scientists: include scientific professionals who lend their knowledge to forensic science, such as forensic odontologists, forensic botanists, forensic anthropologists, etc. These scientists apply their knowledge to the field of forensics to provide investigators with vital information on everything from bite marks to insect infestations on the postmortem body.
Forensic science is therefore further divided into the following areas:

Trace Analysis
Forensic toxicology
Forensic Psychology
Forensic podology
Forensic Pathology
Forensic Optometry
Forensic odontology
Forensic linguistics
Forensic geology
Forensic Entomology
Forensic Engineering
Forensic DNA Analysis
Forensic Botany
Forensic Archaeology
Forensic Anthropology
Digital Forensics

Forensic science often includes even more specialized areas such as forensic accounting, forensic science, and forensic psychiatry.

The Study of Forensic Science

Although forensics can be a very complex study, especially in the areas of DNA – and trace evidence, the study of forensics, for example, is based on basic concepts and techniques that come from the natural sciences. In particular, the study of forensics involves a multidisciplinary approach that covers everything from biological methods to analytical chemical techniques.

The majority of forensic scientists study a specific physical science such as chemistry or biology, while others pursue forensic degrees rooted in either chemistry or biology.

A comprehensive degree from a college or university comes from the biological sciences as well as criminal justice and law. Students learn to appreciate both the scientific and social environments of the criminal justice system, and many students focus on specific areas of forensics, such as DNA, trace evidence, toxicology, latent prints, or interrogated documents, for example.


Most Popular